Kamis, 30 Juni 2011

Start from Conversation

| Kamis, 30 Juni 2011 | 0 komentar
At the beginning of English language teaching in Indonesia, the teachers start the lesson by giving all the rules of grammar. The result is the learners do not have the skills to speak and feel the shame and fear of being wrong as a result of so many rules of grammar that they already know before.

Recognizing the importance of English as the language of communication, begin the teaching of English with a conversation. At basic level, the provision of knowledge about grammar is adapted to the topic and do not stand alone, so the students know that grammar is part of the communication.

Not separated, that should be studied specifically as well. Later on some level, learners will eventually know and realize that the grammar must be trained. That's when teachers can give more knowledge about grammar.

Are not many communication strategies that are not demanding the proper use of grammar? Provided that the hearer understands what is meant. It is true that, at certain levels and forums, the speakers are required to use good English to maintain the credibility. Well, at this level it is required to use correct grammat. But achieving this we need to study, practise, and use English within long time.

Once again, the level of everyday communication, use of oral language in the community who want to learn English, it s not to use appropriate and correct grammar. Provided the message is understood, then communication is already running.

READ MORE - Start from Conversation

Expressing Preferences

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We often use words like prefer, would prefer, would rather to talk or ask about preferences.

"I prefer living on my own."
"Would you prefer to see a movie or go to a club?"
"Would you rather go shopping with me?"

Those expressions are quite different in meaning and this is why learners of English often find them challenging. So here is how we can separate them:

Difference in meaning:

We tend to use 'prefer' to talk generally about likes, dislikes, what we want.

“He prefers reading books.”
“I prefer going to the beach to going to a swimming pool.”

The expressions 'would prefer' and 'would rather', to be a little more specific.

“I would prefer to see him in person.”
“I would rather go home now.”

Difference in form:

Followed by a different verb form:

“I prefer living in a city.” (followed by the gerund; the '-ing' ending)
(followed by the infinitive; to+ the verb)
“Would you rather stay at a hotel?” (followed by the base form of the verb; the verb without 'to'.

Different prepositions to state the choice.

prefer,– go with 'to'

“I'd prefer living in a city to living in the country.”
would rather – goes with 'than'
“I would (I'd) rather talk to him in person than call him on the phone.”

1. Prefer


• Prefer + to infinitive
• Prefer + nouns + to + nouns
• Prefer + V-ing + to + V-ing


• They prefer to stay home
• My mother prefers lemon to orange juice
• She prefers swimming to dancing

2. would rather


• Would rather + bare infinitives
• Would rather + bare infinitives + than + bare infinitives
• Would rather + bare infinitives + nouns + than + bare infinitives + nouns

• I would rather study now
• She would rather stay home than go shopping
• You'd rather speak English than French

3. Would prefer to


• Would prefer + to infinitives + rather than + bare infinitives
• Would prefer + to infinitives + nouns + rather than + bare infinitives + nouns

• They would prefer to sing rather than dance.
• You'd prefer to play ball rather than take a sleep.

4. Like


• Like + nouns / V-ing + better than + nouns / V-ing


• I like singing a song better than playing a guitar
• I like coffee better than tea.

Check this video of preferences

READ MORE - Expressing Preferences

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